Buildings: EPBD and Renovation Wave

What is the EPBD and the Renovation Wave?


The 2010 Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) aims to reduce the energy consumption of buildings. It sets several obligations to Member States, among which: that all new buildings must be nearly zero energy buildings (NZEB) by 31 December 2020, that minimum energy performance requirements must be set for new buildings, for the major renovation of buildings and for the replacement or retrofit of building elements (including heating and cooling systems), and that compulsory inspection schemes must be established for heating and air conditioning systems (or equivalent measures). 

A revised version of the 2010 EPBD9 was transposed by Member States in March 2020. The revised Directive aims to accelerate building renovation rates by reinforcing provisions on long-term building renovation strategies (submitted in March 2020), with a view to decarbonising the building stock by mid-century.


The EC also published the “Renovation Wave’ initiative in October 2020 in order to make renovation a priority by addressing efficiency and affordability, the electrification of buildings and carbon pricing for heat and energy taxation. The Communication will now be discussed by the EU Institutions, who will consider legislative, non-legislative and other actions which could be taken to further the goals of the Renovation Wave.14 



Why is it important for HPs? 


  • Buildings account for approximately 40% of the EU's overall energy consumption and for 36% of the EU's overall GHG emissions. With its efficient and renewable solutions, the heat pump industry can greatly contribute to the effort of reducing the energy consumption of buildings and to reaching the nZEBs (nearly Zero Energy Buildings) goals
  • EHPA is in favour of ambitious renovation strategies and a 2050 vision towards a decarbonised building stock, as it is in line with the objectives of a 100% emission free heating and cooling sector by 2050. 
  • The heat pump industry is also enthusiastic about strengthened focus on smart readiness of buildings and the new financial tools
  • Financial instruments that promote renovations and the introduction of smart, efficient and innovative technologies in existing buildings are an appropriate way of encouraging investments in higher energy efficiency and energy savings.


Our objectives:

  • To make heat pumps the most preferred technology in renovations
  • To increase the renovation rates and the quality of renovated buildings, where heat pumps can offer optimal thermal comfort
  • To support the inclusion of indoor air quality in the revised EPBD – heat pumps can help deliver this
  • To call for the strengthening of financial instruments to promote a green and digital recovery.


Additional Information (photos, webinars, publications, related news)


Renovation Wave

 [EL1]This is an argument on why heat pumps are important