The main instrument to boost the use of renewable energy in the EU is the Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) that sets the 20% binding target for overall share of renewables in total EU final energy consumption of renewables by 2020. In order to reach the target EU Member States have to transpose the Directive into their legislation including eligibility criteria, statistical transfers, joint projects, guarantees of origin, administrative procedures, information and training and access to the electricity grid for energy from renewable sources.
In March 2013, the European Commission published its Green paper a 2030 EU climate and energy policy framework. This was the start of the discussions on a complete new climate and energy package that will need to be agreed upon in the next years to come. The current proposal suggests the target of 27% for RES until 2030.