COP21

Background

The United Nations Climate Change Conference or COP21 (21st Conference of the Parties) will be held in Paris in 2015. The conference objective is to achieve a legally binding and universal agreement on climate, from all the nations of the world. More specifically, the overarching goal is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to limit the global temperature increase to a maximum of 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

On 25 February, the EC presented the EU’s vision for a global UN climate change agreement: the Paris Protocol (adopted as part of the Energy Union package). In short, the paper:

1  Outlines the national efforts to be made to achieve a 40% domestic GHG emission reduction by 2030 compared to 1990 (in line with the European Council's decision of October 2014 approved by the Environment Council on 6 March 2015).

2  Recalls the EC's vision for a legally binding agreement, containing fair and ambitious global commitments to reduce global GHG emissions by at least 60% below 2010 levels in 2050.

3  Underlines the need for the Protocol to require GHG emissions reductions from all sectors, including fluorinated gases.

The role of heat-pump solutions

The heat pump stock in 2013 (heat pumps sold in the past twenty years – based on figures we know, some member states do not have pre-2005 data) contributed to 20 Mt of greenhouse gas emission savings. According to a recent Ecofys study of the eight most important heat pump markets, an ambitious heat pump scenario would lead to a 47% decrease of greenhouse gas emissions in the building sector (compared to current levels) by 2030. EHPA is pleased to see international efforts to aim for higher energy efficiency targets and reduced GHG emissions. In this regard, EHPA supports the EU and its Member States in pushing for ambitious targets. This will require a heat pump-based strategy for heating and cooling with significant government interventions in all Member States of the European Union. According to the market data from EHPA, a total of 60 million heat pumps in operation in 2030 would reduce GHG emissions in the EU by 181 Mt. In the next step, EHPA calls upon the EU to adopt a technology neutral approach in the concrete implementation process of energy efficiency measures. Such an approach can be based on the least lifecycle cost approach. Heat pumps come out as one of the technologies that fit very well in many circumstances.

Policy state of play

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EHPA policy work

Objectives

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EHPA positions

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Next steps

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Letter to Commissioner Cañete

COP21 DEC 2015